European Union protected food names schemes

The EU has a system for the protection of food names on a geographical or traditional recipe basis. It highlights regional and traditional foods whose authenticity and origin can be guaranteed.

The three registration schemes

A named food or drink registered at European level will be given legal protection against immitation throughout the EU. Producers who register their products for protection benefit from having a raised awareness of their product throughout Europe.

The three schemes are:

Protected designation of origin (PDO)

Open to products which are produced, processed and prepared within a particular geographical area, with features and characteristics which must be due to the geographical area.

Protected geographical indication (PGI)

Open to products which must be produced or processed or prepared within the geographical area and have a reputation, features or certain qualities attributable to that area.

Traditional speciality guaranteed (TSG)

Open to products which are traditional or have customary names and have a set of features which distinguish them from other similar products. These features must not be due to the geographical are the product is produced in nor entirely based on technical advances in the method of production.

Help with applications

DARD offers help and advice to applicants in the completion of their applications and acts as a liaison between Defra and the applicant. Contact

DARD Food Policy Branch
Room 131
Dundonald House
Upper Newtownards Road

Telephone: 028 9052 4485



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