Fish quotas are the amounts of different species of fish that may be legally landed by EU Member States. The UK Government is the allocating authority for UK Fish Quotas which are allocated annually. The UK Government apportions the fish quotas amongst the four UK Fisheries Administrations (i.e. Northern Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales) pro-rata to the Fixed Quota Allocation (FQA) units associated with the licences administered by each Administration.
Each of the four Fisheries Administrations (FAs) allocates quota to its fishermen. In Northern Ireland these allocations are made by the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) according to the FQA method. In the UK most of the quota is allocated by the FAs to Fish Producer Organisations (POs). POs are quota management and marketing organisations made up of member fishing vessels and they manage their members’ quotas on their behalf. There are two POs administered directly by DAERA. Quota allocations made to Northern Ireland POs are within their control subject to UK and Northern Ireland quota management rules. FAs monitor quota uptake and ‘close’ fisheries when POs have taken their allocation.
Vessels which are not in the membership of a PO are known as Non-sector vessels. Non-sector vessels (over 10 metre vessels and 10 metre and under vessels) are managed directly by DAERA. These vessels fish against monthly catch limits set by DAERA. These limits are enforced in fishing vessel licences.
Quota use statistics
Details of UK Quota use statistics (provided by Marine Management Organisation) for Producer Organisations (the Sector) and the Non-Sector including the 10 metre and under Pool can be accessed at the link below:
A brief overview of the NI Sea Fishing Sector in 2015 & 2016 can be accessed at the link below:
Quota management rules
All UK vessels, including those in POs, are subject to Quota management rules:
- Rules for the management of the UK's fisheries quotas
- Northern Ireland quota management rules
- Quota guidance (Marine Management Organisation website)
CMO and Fish Producer Organisations
Fish Producer organisations are officially recognised bodies, set up by fish producers to manage the activity of their members; including the promotion of sustainable fishing and the management of their Member’s quota. Fish Producer Organisations play an important role in achieving the objectives of the Common Fisheries Policy.
In accordance with the Article 18 of the Common Market Organisation Regulation (EU 1379/2013) Producer Organisations must meet a number of conditions for recognition. Guidance on how DAERA will assess these conditions is laid out in the document below.
Fixed Quota Allocation (FQA) Register
The Fixed Quota Allocation (FQA) Register was produced as a result of close collaboration between all the UK fisheries administrations, the Marine Management Organisation (MMO) and Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) and reflects a commitment made by UK fisheries ministers under the concordat on fisheries management agreed in May 2012.
The aim of the register is to provide greater transparency around who has access to fish quota within the UK, as well as improving fisheries management by helping the industry to make better use of quota.
Further information is available on the FQA Register website or by accessing the following documents.
- FQA Register - introduction
- FQA Register - desk instructions
- User set-up and producer organisation verifications
Cod conservation measures
Cod stocks continue to recover in the Irish Sea but require ongoing careful management. DAERA remains committed to further improving this stock and is maintaining the existing cod conservation measures in 2018.
Details of DAERA’s policy on cod conservation measures is available via the link below:
Fishing vessel licensing
DAERA issue and administer vessel licences that all UK fishing vessels are required to have in order to fish for profit.
Details on DAERA’s policy on fishing vessel licensing is available via the link below:
Common Fisheries Policy reform
The New Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) Regulation (EU 1380/2013) was formally adopted by the European Council of Ministers and the European Parliament on 11 December 2013 and applies from 1st January 2014.
The three most important objectives of the new CFP are:
- achieving maximum sustainable yield (MSY) for fish stocks
- commitment to land all fish subject to catch limits (the landing obligation) starting in 2015 and completing by 2019
- development of measures to achieve the objectives of multi annual plans, conservation measures and discard plans at a regional level
More detail on these key objectives, their implications, and progress towards implementation are available in the briefing note on CFP reform.