These regulations require all radioactive transport by road to be done in accordance with the provisions set out in Annexes A and B to the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR). Some additional requirements in relation to radiological emergencies are also imposed by the 2010 regulations. In Northern Ireland, NIEA are the competent authority for enforcing this legislation.
- Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2010
Who the regulations apply to
The regulations apply not only to the carrier who is actually transporting the goods but there are also obligations on everyone involved in the consignment including the consignor, consignee, packer, loader etc. Different conditions apply depending on the type of radioactive package involved (excepted, type A etc) but in general those involved in radioactive transport must have in place a quality assurance programme covering the transport of radioactive material, a radiation protection programme and procedures for dealing with radiological emergencies.
All staff involved in radioactive transport should have an appropriate level of training (including security training). There are requirements relating to labelling of packages, placarding of vehicles and the type of safety equipment which must be carried in the vehicle.
Advice on transporting radioactive material
If you wish to transport radioactive material you should consult a Radiation Protection Advisor or Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor to ensure you are fully complying with the regulations.
- Radiation protection advisor - Health and Safety Executive website
- Dangerous goods safety advisor - GOV.UK website
Transfrontier shipments of radioactive substances
If you are importing sealed sources or other relevant sources into Northern Ireland, you must complete a declaration under EURATOM. The declaration form can be downloaded under the appropriate section *here* , and should be submitted to the Industrial Pollution & Radiochemical Inspectorate for approval. There is no charge for this and the declaration can cover one shipment or a number of shipments and last for up to 3 years.
Medical Administration of Radioactive Substances (MARS)
NIEA’s Industrial Pollution and Radiochemical Inspectorate (IPRI) act as agent for the Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety (DHSSPS) enforcing the following acts:
- The Medicines Act 1968
- Medicines (Administration of Radioactive Substances) Regulations 1978 as amended by The Medicines (Administration of Radioactive Substances) Amendment Regulations 2006
- Medicines (Administration of Radioactive Substances) Amendment Regulations 1995
- The Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2000
Monitoring visits are made to hospitals where radioactive substances are administered to patients for the purpose of diagnosis, treatment or research. The reports of these visits are passed to the DHSSPS for action as appropriate.
Justification of practices
The use of any practice which involves exposure to radiation must be justified. The principle of justification is that the practice must produce at least sufficient benefit to the exposed individuals or to society to offset the radiation detriment it causes. The Justification of Practices Involving Ionising Radiation Regulations 2004 provide the framework for the justification process.
Anyone wishing to introduce a new practice involving exposure to radiation must apply to have it justified under the regulations. This is normally done via the Justification Application Centre.Justification Application Centre (JAC) Mezzanine
55 Whitehall Place
Tel: 0300 068 6101 Email: email@example.com
Further guidance is available from DECC and there is also a register of justification applications and decisions. NIEA will normally form part of the Justification Liaison Group in the case of practices involving radioactive substances.
- Further guidance - GOV.UK website
- Register of justification applications and decisions - GOV.UK website
Consultation on Revised Requirements for Radiological Protection: Regulation of Public Exposures and the Justification of Practices
The Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs has published the above named consultation paper as part of a UK-wide consultation. The 2013 Euratom Basic Safety Standards Directive (2013/59/EURATOM) lays down safety standards for protecting against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation. We are seeking views on the proposals for implementing the requirements of the Directive in relation to planned and existing public exposure situations and the justification of practices involving ionising radiation.