The Ramsar convention covers all aspects of wetland conservation and wise use, recognising wetlands as ecosystems that are extremely important for biodiversity conservation in general and for the well-being of human communities.
The Convention was adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar in 1971 and came into force in 1975. Since then, almost 90% of UN member states, from all the world’s geographic regions, have acceded to become “Contracting Parties”. The RAMSAR website can be found at the following link:
Governments which join the Convention undertake to respect four main obligations:
- to designate at least one wetland for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance
- to promote the wise use of wetlands in their territory
- to consult with each other about implementing obligations arising from the Convention especially, but not exclusively, in the case of a shared wetland or water system
- to create wetland reserves
You can find details, guidance and literature on RAMSAR sites within Northern Ireland by following the link below: