Intensive Livestock Installations

Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) is a regulatory system that employs an integrated approach to control the environmental impacts of certain industrial activities. It applies to many industrial sectors, including the intensive farming of pigs and poultry.


Under the IPPC Directive, intensive pig and poultry units over specified thresholds must obtain a permit to operate. The thresholds are as follows:

  • poultry: 40,000 bird places
  • pigs: 750 sows or 2000 production pigs over 30 kg

Best Available Techniques

The new Best Available Techniques (BAT) Conclusions document for the Intensive Rearing of poultry or pigs (IRPP) was published on the 21st February 2017.
The conclusions set out the standards that permitted farms will have to meet.
The BAT Conclusions document can be downloaded from the European IPPC Bureau website.

The full BREF document is available to download from the European IPPC Bureau website (please note that this document is 18MB).

Fees and charges for farming activities

The following charges shall apply to a farming activity which falls into these three bands for the year ending 31st March 2024:

Band Poultry Pig*
Band 1 40,000 - 80,000 2000 - 4500 production pigs
Band 2 80,000 - 150,000 750 - 1000 sows or 4500 - 6500 production pigs
Band 3 More than 150,000 More than 1000 sows or 6500 production pigs

Please note: Where an installation has sows and production pigs greater than 30kg present and either the number of sows or production pigs, or both, exceeds the threshold, the charge shall be calculated based on the number of 'production pig places'. A sow is equal to five places and a production pig equal to one place, therefore, a farm with 800 sows and 3000 finishers over 30kg would have the equivalent of 7000 production pig places and would fall into charging band 3.

Non recurring costs 2023-24

Permit application charge

(1) The permit application charge for a farming activity is:

Band Standard Standard & land spreading Non standard
Band 1 £2,544 £442 £5,951
Band 2 £3,043 £588 £7,289
Band 3 £3,627 £741 £8,777

Recurring costs

Subsistence charge

(2) Subject to the provisions of article 9 of the charging scheme, the annual subsistence charge for a farming activity is:

Band Standard Standard & land spreading Non standard
Band 1 £1,316 £276 £2,787
Band 2 £1,813 £411 £3,486
Band 3 £2,148 £555 £4,149

Variation application charge

(3) Initial Variation Applications (plus fee) must be made as a standard variation.

If the application is deemed as a substantial variation (as defined in article 24(3) of the scheme) the additional substantial variation fee must be paid:

Permit Standard version Substantial variation
Standard farm permit £364 £1,709
Non standard farm permit £1,523 £3,217

Application forms and guidance

Farms which adhere to 'Standard Farming Installation Rules' (SFIRs) can follow a simplified application procedure with lower costs.

Application forms and guidance for intensive livestock units. (Where farms are within 400m of dwellings or other receptors, or if there is a complaint history, applications must be accompanied by noise and odour management plans).

Applying for a PPC(IE) permit or permit variation.

Guidance documents

Farm Management Plans:

Farm audits:

Disposal of fallen stock

Farmers are responsible for the disposal of their fallen stock. The livestock industry has a great deal to gain from maintaining public confidence in its ability to dispose of its waste in a safe and sustainable manner. Article 21 of the EU Control Regulation requires fallen stock to be collected, identified and transported without ‘undue delay’. Undue delay is not defined in the EU Control Regulation but is taken to mean as soon as reasonably practicable taking account of individual circumstances for example the availability of a collection service, the storage temperature of the fallen stock (for example carcasses stored at ambient temperatures should be disposed of more quickly that those kept chilled or frozen) and any extenuating circumstances such as poor weather or ill-health. However, in relation to bovine carcasses over 48 months of age, you need to contact the operator of an approved TSE Sampling Site within 24 hours of the animal’s death to make arrangements to have the animal collected and disposed of for the purpose of TSE testing. It is important that fallen stock is disposed off without undue delay as it reduces odour during transport and rendering with the added benefit of extracting the maximum amount of tallow, which is a valuable renewable source of energy that can the replace fossil fuels.

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions can be found on the DAERA and EU regulations can be found on the links below:

Back to top