Other marine animals (sharks, marine turtles, jellyfish)

Marine animals such as sharks or marine turtles spend all of their lives at sea, with marine turtles surfacing to breathe air. Marine turtles haul out onto land to lay eggs but not in UK/Irish waters.

The basking shark is the largest shark in UK waters and the second largest fish in the world, with adults typically reaching 7.9m in length. These filter feeding sharks may be seen individually, in small groups, or in large schools. They are frequently observed in coastal waters during summer and autumn months but less commonly strand on the shore; as they cannot breathe on land they will most likely be dead if found stranded.

Basking shark

Of the seven marine turtle species, five have been recorded in the UK. Leatherback turtles migrate to the UK to feed on jellyfish while the other four species (loggerhead, Kemp’s ridley, green and hawksbill turtles) usually occur as stray juveniles carried by currents from warmer seas.

DAERA diver taking a photo of a moon jellyfish
There are five native jellyfish species which inhabit the waters around the UK: Moon, Compass, Lion’s mane, Barrel and Blue. The Portuguese Man O’War and By-the-wind-sailor, are not true jellyfish but are closely related to the jellyfish family and occasionally appear in waters off the coast. Larger numbers of jellyfish are often observed during late the spring/early summer months in response to inshore plankton blooms. Their numbers are considered to be increasing as they benefit from warming waters associated with climate change and a reduction in predators and competitors as a result of fishing. Generally, large numbers of jellyfish washed up on beaches are due to strong currents or storm events. These should be avoided as some species may still sting even when dead.

 

 

What to do if you come across other live stranded marine animals

 

  • Contact the DAERA Marine Wildlife Team. Alternately contact Environmental Crime.
  • Do not put the animal back into the sea without advice from the DAERA Marine Wildlife Team or a vet.
  • Basking shark - if the animal is alive place wet seaweed or clothing over it and pour water over its head (gills) to keep it wet and oxygenated.
  • Leatherback turtle – if apparently uninjured this can be carefully dragged back to sea.  Enlist the help of others to pull the shell (do not pull the flippers).  Do not drag the animal over rocks.
  • Hard-shelled turtles (Loggerhead, Kemp’s ridley, green and hawksbill) – should not be returned to the sea. Wrap the animal in wet clothing or seaweed keeping the nostrils clear. If the animal is inactive raise the back end of the shell so it is resting at approximately 30° to drain the lungs. The only feasible option for the recovery of hard shelled turtles is to arrange transport to Exploris for rehabilitation and possible repatriation.

Response to dead stranded animal

If you come across a dead marine animal (whale, dolphin, porpoise, seal, shark or marine turtle) contact the DAERA Marine Wildlife Team. Please provide information on location, species, size, condition and any photographs if possible.

Further information

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