Northern Ireland's coast supports an exceptional diversity of marine wildlife and habitats - this rich marine biodiversity is due to our position at a junction between cold northern waters and warm southern waters. Some species are at the edge of their northern or southern ranges on our shores. Natural and human influences have shaped the coastal landscape in an area that has complex underlying geology - resulting in distinctive coastal regions with biologically diverse communities of plants and animals adapted to local conditions.
Northern Ireland has a duty to protect our biodiversity under international nature conservation legislation and both United Kingdom and Northern Ireland national legislation. The Environment, Marine and Fisheries Group (EMFG) has a legal obligation to survey, monitor and report on the on-going condition of our protected species and habitats, and marine ecosystems, both within and outside of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
- Marine conservation and protection
- Marine conservation advice and guidance
- Monitoring marine biodiversity
- Marine Protected Areas
- Marine Wildlife licensing