Import and export of plants

The importation of plants and plant products into the European Community is regulated with the aim of protecting plant health.

Plant Imports

Imports from countries outside the European Union

The importation of particular plants and plant products from certain third countries (countries outside of the European Community) is prohibited.

In general, all plants and some categories of plant produce that are permitted to enter Northern Ireland from third countries must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate. This confirms that the plants or plant produce to which it relates have been officially inspected in the country of origin (or country of dispatch), comply with statutory requirements for entry into the UK, are free from quarantine pests and diseases.

Businesses or individuals wishing to import plants from countries outside of the EU must register with DAERA. This is primarily to facilitate the inspection of plants imported from non EU countries directly into Northern Ireland

At importation, DAERA Plant Health Inspectors carry out documentary and identity checks on plants and controlled plant products from non EU countries. There is a charge for these inspections. Documentary and identity checks are always charged, while additional plant health inspections are done at set frequencies according to Commission Regulation (EC) 1756/2004 and may be charged at reduced inspection fees depending on the category of plant material and the country of origin.

Imports of plants and controlled plant products must be notified to DAERA no less than 3 working days in advance of arrival, using a Plant Health Release Certificate request form.

A Certificate of Conformity is required for certain fruit and vegetable produce which is subject to a 'Specific Marketing Standard' (SMS) before it is released from the port.

Imports from countries within the European Union

Requirements to notify imports to Northern Ireland from EU countries and Switzerland of certain tree and woody plant genera.

As of 1st of December 2018, there is a notification requirement for certain tree species and woody plant species imported directly from countries within the European Union. These are tree species within the genera of Castanea (Sweet Chestnut), Fraxinus (Ash), Pinus (Pine), Platanus (Plane), Prunus (e.g. Cherry, Plum, Laurel), Quercus (Oak) and Ulmus (Elm). As of the 28th of March 2019, Olea (Olive) has also been added to this list as it is an important host species for the bacterial pathogen Xylella fastidiosa This requirement also applies to imports from Switzerland, but not to relevant plants grown in Great Britain.

The relevant legislation is Article 25 of The Plant Health (Official Controls and Miscellaneous Provisions) Regulations (Northen Ireland) 2019. Equivalent legislation is also in place in the rest of the UK. It is important to note that Northern Ireland has Protected Zone status for certain pests and diseases associated with many of these genera and relevant passporting requirements apply.

Landings of plants for planting of the relevant genera must be notified to DAERA prior to or up to 4 days after landing in Northern Ireland using the form found below.

Plant Exports

Exports of certain plants may be prohibited by the importing country. Where exports are permitted, the regulated plants or plant products must normally be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate. This confirms that the plants or plant products to which it relates have been officially inspected in the country of origin (or country of dispatch), comply with statutory requirements for entry into the importing country and are free from quarantine pests and diseases. It is the responsibility of the individual wishing to export the regulated plant or plant related products to check with the importing (receiving) country what statutory requirments must be met to allow entry to that particular country.

Businesses or individuals wishing to export plants to third countries (countries outside of the European Community) must request a phytosanitary certificate from DAERA. As it may be necessary to carry out certain checks before issuing a phytosanitary certificate, please submit a phytosaniatry certificate application to DAERA at the earliest opportunity. After the UK leaves the EU, phytosanitary certificates will most likely also be needed for EU regulated plants and plant produce moving from the UK into the EU. A small number of plants and plant products could also be prohibited from entering the EU from the UK. 

Plant passporting

Plants and plant products may move freely within the European Single Market, without inspections at national borders.

All plants for planting and some plant products require a plant passport to facilitate their movement. Where required, a passport is needed both for movements within and between member states, and additional requirements apply for movements into and within EU Protected Zones. Plant passports are a guarantee that the material meets the plant health requirements for freedom from ‘quarantine’ organisms.

Plant passports may only be issued by growers who are registered and authorised for the purpose. Authorisation is granted on the basis of inspections of plants, premises and records by a Plant Health Inspection Branch Inspector.

If you would like any further information on the DAERA Plant Passporting system, please phone 0300 200 7847                                                        or Email planthealth@daera-ni.gov.uk.

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